GUEST POST by Katriina O’Kane
APECS member and independent documentary-maker
Last summer, my colleague Evan Hall and I travelled to the Polar Continental Shelf Program (PCSP) base in Resolute Bay, Nunavut. Located in one of the northernmost villages in Canada, PCSP is the main research logistics centre in the Canadian high Arctic. The PCSP coordinates flights, ships supplies and hosts researchers who work throughout Canada’s northern archipelago.
Despite being trained as a scientist, I wasn’t up there to conduct science. I was there to talk science. To talk with researchers, students, advisors, technicians, cooks, and staff. To do interviews, take photographs, and explore all the interesting things that take place at PCSP.
My goal was to collect the stories told by researchers and staff for a web-documentary series called Profiles from the Arctic. The series hopes to provide a view into what it is like to be a scientist in the Arctic.
Our interviews focused around three topics: research, field stories and the Arctic. We interviewed geologists and ecologists; we met a team who studies a 23 km-wide meteor crater; we learned about the transport of contaminants and the migration patterns of birds; we heard stories about sharks, plants, soils, ice, glaciers, fish, narwhals, lakes, and more; and we spoke to a scientist who studies bacteria living inside rocks.
“What we are realizing in the last probably twenty years, is that bacteria are found in every environment conceivable to us. There was a search for understanding how life survived on the planet, and that lead to people investigating whether bacteria lived, for example, in ice, or in the deepest mines on the planet, or in permafrost…the more people looked, the more they found them, no matter where they looked.” – Christopher Omelon, Research Associate, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin
Natural scientists, those who use the natural world as their laboratory, spend their field seasons in places that most people would never have reason to visit. Spread thinly across the Arctic islands, research teams often create their own micro-communities in which they themselves are the sole inhabitants. Of little surprise, this results in some interesting stories.
“All of a sudden, a big wolf came in. He was really noisy, he was really aggressive, and all what I could do was, I grabbed my shoe, and I shouted at him, ‘Get out of my tent!’ and I smashed the shoe on his head, and he went back a few meters…” – Günter Köck, research scientist and lecturer at the Institute of Zoology and Limnology of the University of Innsbruck
Others more peaceful:
“…and around 2 or 3 am, we came up to this iceberg, and Patti, Pilapusi’s dad, tied us off to the iceberg, and we hopped off. And he started brewing tea. So we sat on the iceberg at 3am, having a cup of tea.” – Catherine Girard, PhD candidate, Département de Sciences Biologiques, Université de Montréal
We asked researchers questions about the Arctic:
“What draws you to doing research in the Arctic?”
The vastness. The simplified ecosystems. The beauty of the place.
“What do you see as the most pressing issues facing the Arctic?”
Climate change. Development. Lack of funding for research. Social issues.
“What do you wish more Canadians knew about the Arctic?”
About its people. Its connectedness. That it exists.
Then there was something else we didn’t know to ask, but we continued hearing: There is urgency in doing research in the Arctic. As the Arctic warms, developers are eyeing its resources. It became clear through our interviews that most scientists felt they did not have a complete enough understanding of Arctic ecosystems to advise policy makers and industry. This understanding is necessary, they told us, if the Arctic is to be developed in a responsible and sustainable way.
“I’m much more comfortable taking a calculated risk. You could disagree. You could say, ‘I don’t think it’s worth sacrificing this important bird area for a shipping route,’ and someone else could say, ‘shipping is more important than the birds.’ But at least everyone is aware of the facts. There is something inherently frightening about making decisions that have consequences that we don’t understand at all. That’s irresponsible.” – Mark Maftei, Master’s student, Department of Biology, Acadia University
Profiles from the Arctic will be launched on March 31st and new profiles will be released regularly over the course of the next several months. My hope is to make Arctic research a bit less remote, a bit less complicated, and a bit more human.